Question 25
What is the most prevalent kind of psychological disorder?
A. anxiety disorders
B. dissociative disorders
C. substance abuse disorders
D. depressive disorders
2 points
Question 26
Abused children
A. are likely to develop close bonds with same-sex peers.
B. have a tendency to be passive and to avoid conflict with both peers and authorities.
C. tend to develop into resilient adults.
D. are likely to show inconsistent attachment behavior.
2 points
Question 27
Dr. Z does a study on the connection between physical abuse in childhood and depression in adulthood.
Her study has good external validity. This means
A. it clearly shows that being physically abused as a child causes a person to become depressed as an adult.
B. it was free of error and we can be confident in the results.
C. it had a control group and an experimental group.
D. its findings can be generalized to people outside the study sample.
2 points
Question 28
In the United States, the standard for defining types of mental disorders is contained in the
A. American Psychological Association’s bylaws.
B. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.
C. American Psychiatric Association’s bylaws.
D. World Health Organization’s classification code.
2 points
Question 29
What is a reason for classifying mental disorders
A. A classification system allows information to be organized.
B. Then professionals can make assumptions about people based on their diagnosis.
C. The diagnosis then often has an effect on peoples’ behaviors.
D. Then professionals won’t need to look at as much information about a person.
2 points
Question 30
What can be said about individuals who have a history of at least one psychological disorder?
A. Over 50% have at least two or more other disorders.
B. Individuals who have sought treatment for one illness are unlikely to ever experience another.
C. Most are effectively treated and never experience mental illness again.
D. Few have a comorbid disorder.
2 points
Question 31
A common treatment for mental illness during the Middle Ages in Europe was
A. fresh air and supportive surroundings.
B. an early form of psychoanalytic dream interpretation.
C. banishment.
D. exorcism.
2 points
Question 32
What is wrong with describing someone as being “schizophrenic”?
A. The behavior of the schizophrenic changes so rapidly that this is only true a small percentage of the time.
B. Such a definitive diagnosis is rare.
C. Nothing.
D. Labels should be applied to disorders, not to people.
2 points
Question 33
Which of the following was a result of the Americans with Disabilities Act?
A. Employers cannot discriminate against people with psychiatric problems.
B. Employers are now supposed to provide treatment through employee assistance programs.
C. Employers now must pay for mental health benefits for all of their employees.
D. Employers are encouraged to support universal and selective prevention interventions in theworkplace.
2 points
Question 34
Freud’s view of mental disorders was that they were a result of
A. problematic tendencies we develop while dealing with our early interpersonal environments.
B. genetic abnormalities that influence people’s ability to cope with their environment.
C. learned maladaptive behaviors that were rewarded with attention.
D. unresolved conflicts between the id, the ego and the superego.
2 points
Question 35
A protective factor is
A. a distal causal factor for a mental disorder.
B. a biological make-up that makes people more resistant to stress.
C. an influence that modifies a persons response to genetic problems.
D. an influence that modifies a persons response to environmental stressors.
2 points
Question 36
Under what circumstances can a therapist violate a client’s confidence?
A. never
B. when someone is in danger
C. only when the client gives permission
D. when a crime has been committed