Abnormal Psychology

Question 1
It has been demonstrated that those who were prenatally exposed to the influenza virus are more likely to develop schizophrenia. In other words, prenatal exposure to the influenza virus is ________ correlated with developing schizophrenia.
Answer
A. randomly
B. not
C. negatively
D. positively
Question 2
Comorbidity means
Answer
A. that a person has a more severe form of a disorder.
B. that a person has two or more disorders.
C. that a person is unlikely to recover from the disorder.
D. that a disorder is often fatal.
Question 3
Which of the following is a sufficient element to determine abnormality?
Answer
A. there is no sufficient element
B. suffering
C. deviancy
D. maladaptiveness
Question 4
Causal factors that occur early in life are considered ________ causes.
Answer
A. sufficient
B. contributory
C. distal
D. proximal
Question 5
Universal interventions are concerned with two key tasks:
Answer
A. strengthening individuals’ psychological coping skills and improving their biological health.
B. altering conditions that cause disorders and establishing conditions that foster positive mental health.
C. identifying people with a particular disorder and referring them for help.
D. providing timely therapy and evaluating its usefulness.
Question 6
The behavioral perspective has been criticized for
Answer
A. viewing basic human nature as good.
B. not providing an explanation for how abnormal behavioral responses are acquired.
C. its overemphasis on the use of punishment.
D. focusing on symptoms.
Question 7
When psychologists say that a person shows resilience it means
Answer
A. that regardless of the stresses the person faces, they will feel no emotional distress.
B. the person has not been faced with significant stressors.
C. the person can successfully adapt and survive in threatening circumstances.
D. recovering from traumatic events without the need for psychological protective factors.
Question 8
After cheating on her husband, Julia accused her husband of cheating on her. Such behavior is explained by which of the following defense mechanism?
Answer
A. rationalization
B. projection
C. sublimation
D. displacement
Question 9
What is a culture-specific disorder?
Answer
A. a disorder that is a product of cultural stressors
B. a disorder seen in all cultures
C. a disorder seen only in certain cultures
D. a disorder that is seen universally, but presents itself differently depending on cultural factors
Question 10
One of Freud’s major contribution to current perspectives of mental disorders is
Answer
A. the concept of the Oedipal complex.
B. the concept of the Electra complex.
C. the concept of the unconscious and how it can affect behavior.
D. the understanding of the three structures of personality.
Question 11
Brett persistently injects himself with pain killers. This has greatly increased his chance of overdosing and
dying. His behavior harms no one else. According to the DSM, is Brett’s behavior consistent with the
definition of a mental disorder?
Answer
A. No, because his behavior must also harm the well-being of others in the community.
B. Yes, because very few people in society engage in this behavior.
C. Yes, because he is persistently acting in a way that harms him.
D. No, because there is no evidence that his actions are out of his own control.
Question 12
Which of the following elements of the personality can be described as impulsive and selfish?
Answer
A. id
B. ego
C. ideal self
D. superego