Abnormal Psychology

Maria believes that her dead grandmother occasionally speaks to her. In deciding if Maria has a mental illness or not, which of the following is important?
A. Do people in general consider Maria’s belief abnormal?
B. Does her belief match any of the symptoms in the disorders in the DSM?
C. Is Maria’s belief consistent with the beliefs of her culture?
D. How old Maria is?
2 points
Question 38
When examining heredity, mental disorders are almost always
A. caused by recessive genes.
B. caused by one particular gene.
C. caused by multiple genes.
D. not caused by genes.
2 points
Question 39
What is important to remember about the apparent high lifetime rate of mental disorders?
A. Many people were probably misdiagnosed.
B. A large majority of people with disorders seek treatment, so the problem is not as bad as it seems.
C. Many people with disorders are not seriously affected by them or may have them for only a short time.
D. So many people have disorders and have them seriously that this has become a major health issue.
2 points
Question 40
What makes defining abnormality difficult?
A. There are so many types of abnormal behavior that they can’t be accurately described.
B. Most of us are abnormal much of the time.
C. Criteria for abnormality have yet to be developed.
D. There is not a clear dividing line that serves to distinguish different behavior from that which is abnormal.
2 points
Question 41
In Dr. Lu’s study of eating disorders, she looked at the academic histories of girls with an eating disorder and girls who did not have such problem. In this example, the girls without eating disorders are the________ group
A. conforming
B. treatment
C. criterion
D. control
2 points
Question 42
Which of the following is a characteristic of a therapeutic community?
A. extensive use of medications
B. many restrictions
C. minimal interaction amongst the patients
D. individual responsibility
2 points
Question 43
Which parental style is characterized by warmth, control, and communication?
A. neglectful-uninvolved
B. permissive/indulgent
C. authoritarian
D. authoritative
2 points
Question 44
Homicidal behavior amongst former patients is greatest with a diagnosis of
A. schizophrenia.
B. bipolar depression.
C. alcoholism
D. major depression.
2 points
Question 45
The site of communication between two neurons is the
A. synapse.
B. nucleus.
C. neurotransmitter.
D. vesicle.
2 points
Question 46
In chapter 1, what do the cases of Monique and Donald best illustrate?
a. Mental illness can have a significant impact on one’s life.
b. Most individuals who experience a mental breakdown are clearly unwell long before treatment is sought.
c. Women are more likely to commit suicide than men.
d. Most individuals with mental disorders are violent.
2 points
Question 47
If a study has internal validity, this means
A. its’ findings can be generalized to populations beyond the study sample.
B. its’ findings are definitely true.
C. Its’ findings can be used to draw valid conclusions
D. its’ findings are only applicable to the study sample, not to any other group.
2 points
Question 48
Understanding the causes of mental disorders is important because
A. classification of disorders can not be done without such information.
B. effective treatment is not possible without such an understanding.
C. disagreements about the the causes of psychopathology have long limited the advancements made in the study of abnormal psychology.
D. such knowledge might make both the prevention and cure of mental disorders possible.
2 points
Question 49
Which variable is manipulated in an experiment?
A. comparison
B. independent
C. dependent
D. criterion
2 points
Question 50
The rationale behind deinstitutionalization was
A. a concern that prolonged hospitalization could keep patients from being able to adjust to and function in the outside world.
B. a belief that most mental patients were faking and would cease to do so if they weren’t “rewarded” by allowing them to stay in the hospital.
C. a belief that physicians could better medicate and give physical treatment to patients in their own homes.
D. a concern that mental hospitals were such unpleasant places that for mental patients, living on their own could only be better.
2 points