The paper must include the following sections for each theoretical approach:
1) Describe and analyse how the person’s problems may have developed according to each theory.
2) Discuss how you would assess (e.g., using objective or projective tests, single case design, etc.)
Double-spaced, 12pt times new roman and paper margins should be set at 1 inch.
Cite ‘Personality Theory and Research(12th edition.). Cervone, D. & Pervin, L.A.(2013)’
Paper should be divided into two major sections. One section for each theory. Under each theory you should then have two subsections: (a) theoretical conceptualization, and (b) assessment.
Case Study # 1
Laura is a 44-year-old female. She has been married for just over 10 years. She has an 8-year-old son and a 5-year-old daughter. Her family brought her to therapy because her OCD is causing significant problems at home and it also contributed to her taking time away from her job. It took all that her family could do to get her to the therapy session. They stated they had to get her a prescription for Xanax so that she would calm down enough to come to meet you. She stated that she was so afraid of leaving the house today that she had two panic attacks last night and could not sleep.
Laura reports that she has been a successful accountant ever since she graduated college. She stated she has been very neat and organized as long as she can remember and this served her well because she has to be so detail oriented as an accountant. Laura also stated she has had issues with anxiety since she was in middle school. She reported her OCD tendencies began a few months after a car accident that occurred two years ago. She had just picked up her kids from school/daycare when a driver ran a red light and crashed into them. Laura and her son had minor injuries, but her daughter suffered broken ribs and a punctured lung. Her daughter spent almost a week in the hospital. Ever since the accident Laura became more and more afraid that she could not always protect her children. She became obsessed with cleaning the house to try and prevent her children from ever getting sick. As time went on her OCD became so bad she couldn’t leave the house and she had to take a leave of absence from her job, which started causing financial difficulties.
Laura reported she had a difficult childhood. Her mother passed away from cancer when Laura was 12-years-old. Laura stated she was deeply attached to her mother and losing her was the most painful thing he had ever gone through. Laura also had two younger brothers who were 9 and 5 years-old. Laura reported her father became very depressed after her mother’s death and he became verbally abusive. He would work all day and then come home and drink until he fell asleep. Laura stated she was the one who kept the house running. As a 12-year-old she began cooking all meals for herself, her brothers, and her dad. She also did the laundry and would get money from her father to do the grocery shopping. She recalls having significant anxiety during this period. She never got to play with her friends at school because she knew she had to come home and take care of her family. She did not go on her first date until college.
Laura stated she went away to college, but always felt guilty leaving her brothers with her dad. She reported she had to leave though, or she would never be able to have the life she wanted. She was able to maintain a good relationship with her brothers and they were able to survive perfectly fine when she went to college. She rarely spoke to her father and she has not seen him in over 20 year. She reported she made friends at college and her life greatly improved. She had intermittent anxiety throughout school, but she was able to take the edge off by smoking cigarettes and marijuana. She met her husband in one her classes. She did not want to have children initially, but after meeting him she could see herself having kids. They were married soon after they graduated and both worked toward
advancing their careers. She stated her relationship with her husband has been very good and he has always been supportive.
Laura had two miscarriages prior to giving birth to her son. When she was pregnant with him he was confined to bed for the last 3 months of her pregnancy because the doctors were afraid she might also lose him. He was born perfectly healthy and then she and her husband had their daughter a few years later. Laura was always over-protective of her children, but this was exacerbated after the accident.
Laura came to the appointment dressed casually and hygiene was normal. Her anxiety medication began to wear off during your interview and she became notably more anxious. She became very fidgety and she started to cry when she discussed the car accident. She denied any history of hallucinations or delusions. She also denied using any substances since her mid-twenties. She also does not drink alcohol. Her speech became more rapid as her anxiety increased. You also observed that she brought anti-bacterial gels and wipes with her and she was wiping her children’s hands down. She wiped their hands so frequently that their hands became irritated. You also noticed she yelled at her kids on two occasions because they wandered to a place where she could not see them. She stated her mood was “anxious” and she denied suicidal ideation.
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