P.E.R.I. Problem Identification

P.E.R.I. Problem Identification
Imagine you are hired as a global health consultant called in to address a public health issue. Understanding the problem and its impact on health is critical to finding solutions to successfully improve the health of populations. This application is intended to give you a head start to your Application Assignment in Week 5.
To prepare for this Application Assignment, review the P.E.R.I. (Problem Etiology Recommendations Implementation) public health model described in Chapter 3 of your text, “Evidence-Based Public Health.” Select a public health issue from one of the health concerns addressed in this week’s resources.
To complete this Application Assignment, write a 1- to 2-page overview of your selected public health issue, with the information requested below. Please provide references for your information. This overview will help you establish a basic understanding for your Week 5 global health consultant Application Assignment.
• Be sure to include information about the following as it relates to your selected health issue:
1. Problem: What is the health problem or issue? Use appropriate sources, including Public Health data sources (CDC, Census, etc.), to describe this problem.
2. What population does it impact?
3. Etiology: What is/are the contributory causes? What is the burden of disease for this health issue?
• 4. Recommendations: What can be done to reduce the health impact of your issue?
• 5. Implementation: How can we get the job done to improve health in this population? What organizations or professionals should be involved?
Be sure to support your work with specific citations from this week’s Learning Resources and additional scholarly sources, as required.
• Required Resources
Media
• Video: Coordinating Office for Terrorism Preparedness and Emergency Response (2008, March 27). A New Era of Preparedness. CDC TV Health Matters. Retrieved from
http://www.cdc.gov/CDCTV/EraOfPreparedness/index.html
“New Era of Preparedness” video courtesy of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Transcripts also provided by the CDC.
Note: The approximate length of this media piece is 6 minutes.
Emergencies, outbreaks, and natural or manmade disasters happen around the world. This video explains how the CDC harnesses technology to help individuals become prepared for many different types of health threats. You will learn how the Directors Emergency Operations Center coordinates responses to health threats with state, federal, and international partners. What happens globally also happens locally, and the CDC works 24/7 to protect you. Note: You may view this Course Video in the streaming Media Player below (or attached) and/or linked above with each resource listed. As a reminder, additional Learning Resources for the week are listed below the Media Player. Be sure to scroll to the bottom of the web page to view the complete list of Required and Optional Resources.
Readings
• Course Text: Public and Global Health Essentials

o Chapter 7, “Non-Communicable Disease”
Non-communicable disease cannot be spread from person-to-person. They tend to last a long time (chronic), can seriously impair an individual’s ability to perform daily activities, and contribute to many deaths around the world. The risk factors for non-communicable diseases relate significantly to lifestyle. This chapter addresses the common non-communicable diseases seen around the world.
o Chapter 8, “Communicable Diseases”
Communicable diseases are illnesses that spread from one person or animal to another person or animal. They are responsible for nearly 40% of the DALY’s in low and middle income countries. This chapter explains the significance of communicable diseases to the health of populations around the world.
o Chapter 9, “The Environment and Health”
Approximately one-third of the global burden of disease is attributed to factors in the environment. This chapter addresses the most important environmental threats in low and middle income countries. The burden of diseases caused by individual, household, community and global environmental health threats are explained.
o Chapter 10, “Natural Disasters and Complex Humanitarian Emergencies”
o From civil war to tsunami, drought to monsoon, disasters can strike anywhere. They have a devastating impact on people, resources and economics of entire communities or countries. This chapter explains the health burden of natural disasters and complex humanitarian emergencies.
• Article: Brennan Ramirez, L. K., Baker, E. A., & Metzler, M. (2008). Promoting health equity: A resource to help communities address social determinants of health. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Brennan Ramirez LK, Baker EA, Metzler M. Promoting Health Equity: A Resource to Help Communities Address Social Determinants of Health. Atlanta: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 2008.

o Read pp. 32–41 and pp. 58–74
Websites
• WHO Millennium Development Goals
http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs290/en/index.html
http://www.who.int/topics/millennium_development_goals/about/en/index.html
The United Nations Millennium Development Goals are eight goals that all 191 UN member states have agreed to try to achieve by the year 2015. Many of these goals relate to health, encouraging countries to work together to reduce poverty and hunger, and tackle ill health, lack of education, gender inequality, lack of access to clean
lack of education, gender inequality, lack of access to clean water, and environmental degradation.
Optional Resources
Websites
• World Health Statistics 2010
http://www.who.int/whosis/whostat/EN_WHS10_Full.pdf
• WHO: Face to Face With Chronic Disease
http://www.who.int/features/2005/chronic_diseases/en/index.html