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Read each of the four prompts below and provide a 4 sentence substantiated reply for each:
1.It appears that teacher are simply teaching to the test. They seem to be teaching to achieve the goals of the state rather than for the students benefits. I believe that teachers are not opposed to testing, but rather the emphasis that is placed on the data generated from the score that rate how well they are doing their jobs. Many teachers seem to have no other choice by to teach what is being assessed on the test in order for data to reflect how well they are doing.
Teaching to the test is not good for student, because they are denied the opportunity to properly construct knowledge that last a lifetime. They happen to absorb enough to regurgitate on test rather that build the necessary connections to take them to the next stage.
2.Teachers in my area are not happy with Virginia SOL testing strategies. I think that for the most part teachers plan their lessons after making a list of all SOLs that need covered and then making sure their lesson plans follow as closely as possible. I do, however, feel that toward the end of the year some teachers rush lessons to make sure that all SOL material has been covered regardless of how thorough they have taught some subjects.
I personally do not think that SOL testing is in the best interest of the students but it does hold teachers accountable, maybe too much at times though. The techniques used are the best way to raise scores. Most teachers set aside time at the middle or end of the day to highlight specific topics learned that are covered on SOLs simply for extra review. I just think it takes extra instructional time away.
In my opinion there does need to be some standards, but students learn at different paces and at different levels. We can’t expect all children to accomplish a set of task exactly the same. I feel like the educational system has come full circle and is back to mass producing a certain level of student to function in one certain capacity like previously in history when school was used to mass produce factory workers.
3.Teacher centered instruction focuses on the teacher. The teacher teaches according to their learning styles. They operate as paiges on their stage rather that guides by their side. The teacher is the sole authority in the classroom and drives the student to think like them. On the other hand student centered instruction places the teacher beside the student as a guide, who provides appropriate support and feed back when necessary. In student centered instruction students are actively engaged in problem activity. They have the opportunity to collaborate with each other to arrive at a solution. This type of instruction places students in control of constructing knowledge that produces life long learners.
Things that teachers should be doing in the three parts of the lesson plans are before the
Things that teachers should always be doing in each of the three parts lesson are
1 . In the before phase teachers should always activate prior knowledge. Teachers should plan an activity that is related to the present concept being taught. They can also begin with a simple version of the task.
You should always make sure that the problem is understood. Finally clear expectations should be established students should know how they are to work and what they should prepare to achieve their answer.
2. During the lesson phase: Teachers should be willing to let go. They should be prepared to allow student to go through the ‘struggle’ of solving the problems providing appropriate support. When students are stuck teachers should ask questions that support their students’ thinking.
3. The after phase: listen without evaluation. The teacher should serve as a facilitator of mathematical discussion giving students the opportunity and confidence to share their ideas and strategies.
In a diverse classroom flexible grouping should be used because different assignments may work better with different groups. There maybe some task that require only two students and others that require bigger groups with each student contributing to the finish product.

An accommodation is a provision of a different environment or circumstance made with particular students in mind. A modification refers to a change in a problem or task itself. These changes allow the student to achieve the lesson objective. Accommodations allow some students to have instruction presented in a different medium such as writing the problem instead of delivering it orally. The instruction does not change just the delivery. These distinctions are important because they provide equity in the classroom.
Loop’s discussion of math methods make problem solving easier to understand because various methods are explored that students can use to solve problems.
4.
1. Explain the difference between teacher-centered instruction and student-centered instruction. What does it mean for teaching to begin where the students are?
Teacher centered instruction is when teachers plan lessons around their teaching styles and their time. Student centered instruction plans a lesson around what the students need to learn and develop the lesson around the level that the students are currently at. This is much more conducive to learning for the students.
2. Describe the kinds of actions or things that a teacher should be doing in each of the three parts of a lesson. (Note that not all of these would be done in every lesson.)
Every lesson should be well planned utilizing a beginning, middle, and end phase; pre-assessment, introduction, guided practice, independent practice, closure, and summative assessment parts. These can be broken into Introduction/Teaching of subject, student practice of subject, and student testing of material to determine what level of learning and mastery occurred.
Which actions should you use almost all of the time? Reviewing and summarizing is a good action to use almost all the time so that students gain a good grasp of the material. This helps students to form concrete ideas about the subject in their mind in order to place it in their knowledge bank.
3. What sort of grouping should be used in a diverse classroom? Why? Flexible grouping of students should be utilized so that students can better interact with students at different levels. Students can learn from each other and students can also help each other understand better.
4. What is the difference between making an accommodation for students and making a modification in a lesson? Explain why this distinction is important.
An accommodation is when a student is allowed a different way of learning the same concept as others; such as moving a student with glasses to the front of the room. This places the student back on the same levels as others. A modification is a way of altering the lesson plans to meet the students’ needs; such as adding an extra component for gifted students, or slowing the pace for students who learn at a slower pace. The distinction is important because making modifications to plans so that each student is reached in the learning environment but a modification.
5. How does Loop’s discussion of math methods make problem solving easier to understand? Loop notes help to meet students at their level when planning lessons and to review so that students can gain a grasp on the concepts in order to form concrete ideas around the concepts so they learn rather than memorize.